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April 2016 Archives

Possible TBI risk factors in older adults

Researchers concerned about the high incidence of traumatic brain injury in older adults conducted a study to learn what risk factors might be associated with an increased likelihood of a TBI. Pennsylvania residents might be interested in the results that appeared in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Injuries sustained by drunk employees must be recorded

Employers in Pennsylvania and around the country are required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to keep records of most work-related injuries and illnesses. However, there are some exceptions to OSHA's record-keeping requirements. If an employee's workplace injury is a direct result of 'personal grooming, self-medication for a non-work related condition, or is intentionally self-inflicted," the injury does not have to be recorded.

Study shows scar tissue may help spinal cord injuries

Pennsylvania readers may be interested in learning that the scars that form over spinal cord injuries could actually help patients heal, according to a new study. The findings, which were published in the journal Nature, surprised the scientists that conducted the study.

Study finds brain damage common among retired NFL players

Pittsburgh Steelers fans will likely know that pro football has been linked with the progressive and degenerative brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy. One of the biggest challenges facing researchers is that the condition can only be detected when an autopsy is performed, and there is no way to test living players for CTE. However, the evidence that a great many current and former players have suffered some form of brain damage continues to grow.

Brain injury sufferers benefit from rapid intervention

Pennsylvanians who have suffered head injuries should be aware that concussions and similar forms of harm may escape notice because of their varying symptoms. In one case, a certified physician assistant with the U.S. Public Health Service tripped while she was walking and the fall knocked her unconscious. Even with her medical experience, however, she wasn't aware that she had a concussion until more than two hours later when someone asked her if she was alright and she realized that she had lost a large chunk of time. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2.5 million emergency room visits, 50,000 deaths and 280,000 hospitalizations are prompted by traumatic brain injuries each year.

Spinal cord scarring may help promote healing

According to a study, the glial scar tissue that often develops on nerve fibers after brain and spinal injuries may actually help patients recover. The research, which was conducted by scientists at UCLA, runs counter to what many doctors in Pennsylvania and nationwide have long believed.

Study finds sleep disorder may lead to workplace injuries

Pennsylvania workers may be interested in reading about a Canadian study showing how a sleep disorder can have detrimental effects on a person's workday. The study, which was conducted from May 2003 to July 2011 at a British Columbia sleep clinic and involved more than 1,200 patients, found that obstructive sleep apnea increases the likelihood for on-the-job injuries.