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brain injury Archives

How Pennsylvania men and women may differ after a brain injury

Men and women are known to differ from one another in terms of their brain anatomy as well as their propensity for mental illness after a brain injury. Mental illness in the form of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorder and depression affect women after a brain injury more than men. A study by the Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences found a correlation that may explain this difference between men and women.

Brain networks and brain injuries

Pennsylvania residents who have suffered brain injuries may be interested in the results of a recently published study by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, and the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences. The results indicated that focusing on the network of activity in the brain instead of individual regions could provide information about why certain brain injuries are worse than others.

Study shows brain injury patients should seek follow-up care

Pennsylvania patients who have had a mild traumatic brain injury may be interested to learn that an estimated 30 percent of sufferers experience outcomes that are unfavorable at the sixth-month mark following an injury. However, the associated study did not differentiate between patients who were hospitalized or not hospitalized. As such, researchers set out to determine if there were differences in the outcomes between hospitalized and non-hospitalized mild traumatic brain injury sufferers.

Saliva test might predict seriousness of concussion

Pennsylvania researchers may have identified an important and easy-to-test marker of how long a child's concussion is likely to last. At a Pediatric Academic Societies meeting in California, researchers from Penn State reported that a test that measured the presence of a type of genetic material called microRNAs was 90 percent accurate in its identification of children whose symptoms would last a month or more. A commonly used concussion survey, by comparison, is correct less than 70 percent of the time.

Researchers study how brain is protected from injury

There are membranes that cushion the brain if there is a blow to the skull. For some Pennsylvania residents who incurred a traumatic brain injury, those membranes were not able to sufficiently do so. According to research that appeared in the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, researchers are examining the role of these membranes and how much protection they provide.

March is National Brain Injury Awareness Month

In Pennsylvania and across the country, March has been marked as National Brain Injury Awareness Month to bring attention to the fact that roughly 5 million American citizens are severely affected by a traumatic brain injury and are disabled as a result. Further, about 2.5 million adults and children experience TBIs annually, and of that amount, nearly 280,000 are admitted to hospitals and around 2.2 million obtain treatment at hospital emergency rooms.

How TBIs can impact young people

If a Pennsylvania resident experiences a head injury, it could come with lasting consequences. Those consequences may be even more severe if a child experienced a blow to the head or any other injury that interferes with brain function. In 2009, roughly 250,000 people age 19 and younger were treated for TBIs related to sports or other recreational activities. This was according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Head injuries can increase the progression of Alzheimer's

Traumatic brain injury has been linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease and other brain diseases, such as dementia. While most people associate concussions and traumatic brain injuries with sports injuries and car accidents, many workplace accidents also result in brain injury. Due to the cumulative effect of traumatic brain injuries, it is important that Pennsylvania citizens record even mild head injuries that occur in the workplace.

Sleep therapy offers treatment potential for brain injury

Better sleep patterns have long been recognized as an important marker of stronger cognitive function. A study suggests that victims of brain trauma in Pennsylvania may soon see restoration of normal sleep patterns as a therapeutic tool for recovery. The peer-reviewed study published in Neurology began with recognition of two facts by the researchers. Loss of cognitive function happens alongside disrupted sleep patterns, and normal patterns are "necessary for the generation of new neurons and new connections between neurons in the brain."

Traumatic brain injury from a bicycle or motorcycle accident

On the highways and rural roads of Pennsylvania, bicyclists and motorcyclists share space with much larger motor vehicles in pursuit of the pleasures that their modes of transportation bring. These enthusiasts' love for the open road is tempered, however, with the knowledge that inherent in each ride is the risk of serious harm, including a traumatic brain injury.