Even though your skull is extremely strong, it’s possible you could suffer a traumatic brain injury in an accident. For example, a motor vehicle crash or fall from height has the potential to cause serious injury to your brain and surrounding areas.
There are many types of traumatic brain injuries, including the following:
- Concussion: It’s not as severe as other traumatic brain injuries, but it can result in a temporary loss of function. In the event of a more serious concussion, symptoms have the potential to linger for many months or longer.
- Hematoma: A hematoma is the clotting of blood outside the vessels. When this occurs in the brain, it can lead to excess pressure inside your skull. Too much pressure can cause loss of consciousness and permanent brain damage.
- Hemorrhage: Uncontrolled bleeding in the brain can cause serious symptoms such as loss of consciousness, vomiting and headaches. Any amount of bleeding on the brain can cause pressure build-up.
- Skull fracture: Since the skull doesn’t have bone marrow, it’s extremely strong. Even so, it can fracture or break as a result of a serious blow. Depending on the type of fracture, it can cause damage to the brain.
- Edema: Any type of brain injury can cause edema, also known as swelling. When brain tissues swell, your skull doesn’t have enough room to accommodate the additional size.
- Diffuse axonal injury: While this type of injury doesn’t cause bleeding, it does damage the cells of the brain. This impairs their ability to properly function, thus resulting in permanent damage. Diffuse axonal injury also increases the risk of death.
If you suspect any type of brain injury, even one that you deem to be minor, it’s critical to seek immediate medical attention. Your doctor will run a variety of imaging tests to pinpoint the problem and implement the best possible treatment strategy.
As time allows, learn more about the accident that caused your traumatic brain injury and the steps you can take to protect your legal rights. For example, if you were injured at work, it makes sense to file a workers’ compensation claim. This allows you to receive compensation until you’re able to return to your job.