Pennsylvania residents who have sustained a head trauma may benefit from a simple test that can determine if they have a traumatic brain injury. Thanks to university researchers, a rudimentary blood test to detect certain biomarkers may be able to do so. The university researchers have identified four proteins that are released from brain cells, referred to as astrocytes, when the outer lining of the cells have been broken open as a result of trauma from whiplash or blunt force.
Constant agitation and uncontrollable spasms are often experienced by victims of traumatic brain injury accidents in Pennsylvania. Depending on the circumstances surrounding the injury, treatment may involve surgery, a medication plan and extensive physical therapy to overcome the involuntary muscle contractions and overall neurological upheaval. New research conducted by biomedical engineers from the University of North Carolina suggests that molecular damage is at the heart of the post-traumatic conditions experienced by patients who suffered brain injuries.
Pennsylvania residents who suffer from traumatic brain injuries may be diagnosed sooner using a technology that measures eye tracking. A doctor and her colleagues have patented a technology known as the EyeBOX that can track the involuntary eye movements of patients. This means that the device can even be used on patients who are unable to follow instructions.
Men and women are known to differ from one another in terms of their brain anatomy as well as their propensity for mental illness after a brain injury. Mental illness in the form of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorder and depression affect women after a brain injury more than men. A study by the Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences found a correlation that may explain this difference between men and women.
Pennsylvania residents who have suffered brain injuries may be interested in the results of a recently published study by researchers from the University of California, San Francisco, and the Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences. The results indicated that focusing on the network of activity in the brain instead of individual regions could provide information about why certain brain injuries are worse than others.
Pennsylvania patients who have had a mild traumatic brain injury may be interested to learn that an estimated 30 percent of sufferers experience outcomes that are unfavorable at the sixth-month mark following an injury. However, the associated study did not differentiate between patients who were hospitalized or not hospitalized. As such, researchers set out to determine if there were differences in the outcomes between hospitalized and non-hospitalized mild traumatic brain injury sufferers.
Pennsylvania researchers may have identified an important and easy-to-test marker of how long a child's concussion is likely to last. At a Pediatric Academic Societies meeting in California, researchers from Penn State reported that a test that measured the presence of a type of genetic material called microRNAs was 90 percent accurate in its identification of children whose symptoms would last a month or more. A commonly used concussion survey, by comparison, is correct less than 70 percent of the time.
There are membranes that cushion the brain if there is a blow to the skull. For some Pennsylvania residents who incurred a traumatic brain injury, those membranes were not able to sufficiently do so. According to research that appeared in the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, researchers are examining the role of these membranes and how much protection they provide.
In Pennsylvania and across the country, March has been marked as National Brain Injury Awareness Month to bring attention to the fact that roughly 5 million American citizens are severely affected by a traumatic brain injury and are disabled as a result. Further, about 2.5 million adults and children experience TBIs annually, and of that amount, nearly 280,000 are admitted to hospitals and around 2.2 million obtain treatment at hospital emergency rooms.
If a Pennsylvania resident experiences a head injury, it could come with lasting consequences. Those consequences may be even more severe if a child experienced a blow to the head or any other injury that interferes with brain function. In 2009, roughly 250,000 people age 19 and younger were treated for TBIs related to sports or other recreational activities. This was according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.